This paper introduces you to a theory in which I imply that different interfaces have different types of authority over the information that they supply its visitor with. As an experiment I hyperlinked the theory using several social media platforms. This shows the dynamic between different interfaces. The experience of the hyperlink is different with each user. This … Continue reading The hyperlinked paper
Whose truth do you share?
My fascination for the machinations pertaining the relevance of identification with information, is at the heart of the archive you are about to explore. The following blog posts (visually) investigate how design plays an authoritative role on informative websites. The archive concentrates mainly on news websites' design and the device you are using to access it, … Continue reading Introduction to theory and further posts
Do you know the whole story?
Mankind’s history has always been influenced by knowledge. The amount of information available for a human to comprehend defines the choices that are to be made. We are now in an era where information surplus plays a vital role in society. Current algorithms that make use of big data underpin the scarcity of knowledge and … Continue reading 1. The interpretation of content within the remediated space
Which design do you trust?
The majority of the current online media we use for news information are based on the act of ‘’repurposing’’. This means that a property from another medium is reused. Considering this, we should take Marshall McLuhan’s (1994) argument on how the analogue version is remediated into its digital counterpart into account. McLuhan states that content of … Continue reading 1.1 Repurposing
How easily are you pursuaded?
Considering the online environment, you cannot encounter the world wide web as a set of isolated ‘individuals’. We must rather define this as a society, even though the act of browsing may be done individually. The semantic regime of the web consequently effects information management systems that are based on frequencies and ranking. The frequency … Continue reading 1.2 Adaptive interactivity
How many times do you need to verify?
The earlier described online reading protocol requires a reconceptualization of online information design. This design is applied to deliver information in order to guide the interpretation and ‘’enhance our understanding of the non-statically aspects of the past, present or future’’ (Katz 2012). When realising information design for a specific purpose, literacies are used to deliberately … Continue reading 1.3 Functional interactivity
Do you share your truth?
The web is a heterogeneous space, but considering its physical limitation (the earlier discussed algorithm and the act of sharing) the web still constrains users in getting the information they want. It is a medium that offers ‘’random access’’, with no beginning or end (Bolter and Grusin 2000), meaning that the algorithm provides different ‘beginnings’ … Continue reading 1.4 Navigational interactivity
How controlled is your interpertation?
As a result these three types of interactivities (adaptive, functional and navigational) we underestimate how our (pursued) social identity affects our choices and actions. This will have a very real impact on the world in which we exist. To view this from a designers perspective: through all the choices which are made in design the information … Continue reading The online medium – Conclusion
How sensitive are you for authority?
When the operational form of the journalistic process is executed in a different format, it will be interpreted differently. This is contributable to the effect that the online interface is creating a new form of journalism, which uses different protocols to communicate it’s message. Three key parts, as discussed by Mark Deuze (2003), are: 1. the … Continue reading 2. The authority of news design
Which personality do you prefer?
The time we spend on reading news sources, especially newspapers, has steadily fallen in the past decade (Dimmick, Chen, & Li, 2009). This is partly due to the fact that an average newspaper reader gains his or her information from several other sources, especially the web. The internet has vastly changed the accessibility of information … Continue reading 2.1 Analogue interfaces vs. digital interfaces of news media
Which reader are you reading?
One of the problems that causes the growth of misinformation and the possibilities for creating fake news is the fluctuating character and quality of online news. The user of the news medium has become their own personal ‘gatekeeper’. Besides that, the internet enables the distribution of news to be continually changing. This means that, depending … Continue reading 2.2 Masquerading as the authoritative truth
How do you look through the transformation of information?
The interface of many public news sources are designed to interact with the speed of internet. Think of the Facebook feed that is continuously updated with new information. In so the active audience, without being interfered with, can play with the role of the journalist. You search, read and connect information without the obligation to … Continue reading 2.3 Authority by image default
Do know how it started?
Information has power and meaning, but uniformity in the design of this information, both in shape and medium, complicates our ability to compare. Most fake news is designed on the basis of the idea that the user will not be overly critical regarding the validity of its contents. Although the form in which the ''news'' is … Continue reading 2.4 The design of Dis-, Mis- and Fake information
Are you aware of the fake?
In the previous chapter I explained how our current information systems are predominantly used. I will now discuss a few options, which are in use and will implicate a certain level of transparency. Finally I will speculate on how these measures could be further implemented and used as a method for guarantying online authority. The … Continue reading Transparency of the media
Which one is your definition, embodiment and copy?
Barthes, R. (1977). Image Music Text, 1964. In R. Barthes (ed.), Image Music Text (pp. 32-51). London: Fontana. (PDF link) Baudrillard, J. (1981). Simulacra and Simulation. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press. (PDF link) Benjamin, W. (2011). The work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. In J. Morra & M. Smith (eds.), Visual Culture: Experiences … Continue reading Bibliography